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The French Republic - a country in Western Europe

Country romantics and lovers

Almost 200 years ago, one of the European countries covered "Zhirafomaniya". Proof of this has served as an exhibition, where he demonstrated a huge amount of items on which a long-necked animal had been shown. The exhibition called "Giraffe for a king." The fact that the Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali Pasha decided to present an exotic gift to the king of France. The giraffe was placed on the lower deck and the upper - specially cut holes overlaid with straw to the animal is not hurt while pitching. Also loaded three cows and two antelope, giraffe because it was necessary to give a daily 25 liters of milk. Authorities Marseille welcome visitors with great honor. A forty-one day in Paris, the king himself, meeting unusual animal, went to meet him. Hundreds of French in different cities came out to admire the strange animals. Today, the inhabitants of this country is little that can surprise. But France itself surprised and continues to surprise.
 
Joan of Rodina, the Ark and Edith Piaf, the land of Provence and Champagne, the age of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, and the popularity of poetry trubodurov chansons, mountain peaks of the Alps and the coast of the Riviera, luxury goods, perfumes, jewelry - all France. But this is not the whole of France. Country of the Musketeers, ancient castles, magnificent castles, royal residences of Versailles and Fontainebleau. Through shady quays of the Seine, with its amazing bridges and hills of Montmartre, Valerien, Paris looks beautiful. Ile de la Cite - a kind of museum of ancient monuments, including the recognizable silhouette of the Gothic cathedral of Notre Dame. Paris - it is not just the capital, according to many - is "the most elegant capital" and one of the oldest cities in the world. City-tale dream city! Parisians say: "Do you want a fairy tale? Come for Christmas and if you see snow, you will be happy the entire year. " However, it is very rare. Usually in December rains. But enterprising French painting the artificial snow sparkling numerous cafés, flower shops and, of course, its main street, the Champs-Elysees. This is a special part of the city. There are luxury hotels, mansions of the rich and famous, the president of the Elysee Palace. Near tower Arc de Triomphe on the Place de Gaulle and the Eiffel Tower, which is often called - "ladies raised leg in fishnet stockings." There are boards where anyone can leave your autograph.
 
Getting lost in Paris is impossible, unless it itself does not want. The city is best to travel by subway. Near often sell prepared here on the grill, roasted chestnuts. For the French, the main attraction is a pastime in the cafe with a glass of wine or a cup of coffee. A special part of the population - are young people who likes to gather in Montmartre, where the Sacre Coeur. Its huge dome, reminiscent of snow-capped peaks, visible from almost anywhere in the city. And in the evening of his majestic dome floating silvery vision. Perhaps that is why there are a lot of lovers, whose faces are transformed in the evening illumination. Confessions spoken here, in a place where all fanned romance and charm, acquire magical meaning. Many students come here with their musical instruments, be it guitar, flute or a drum. Usually they begin to play quietly, adjusting to each other, dancing and bouncing. Then the music picks up pace and the beat of the musicians begin to move those who are close. Wonderful city of Paris! It turns out, dogs are more than children. It is said that there are more than 500 cheeses, and a subspecies of a few thousand. In Paris, the white wine is cheaper than red. Yes a lot of things you can see outlandish in Paris! Not by chance was the popular expression: "Once to see Paris and die." No, it is necessary to see Paris and live to come back here again and again.
 
Prepared by the guide of the highest category Dilbar Abdunabieva.
 

Currency

International name: EUR
Change money is better in city centers, paying attention to the course (it is worse than in hotels, airports and train stations with a few exceptions) and a lack of bank fees. Travel-checks are cashed easily at railway stations and airports. Credit cards are widespread.

History of France

France has a very rich history, which is best to study special textbook, so here focus only on major developments. In 58 - 51 years BC Gaul (modern France) was conquered by Julius Caesar and the Roman rule lasted about 500 years. In the last quarter of the V century AD, when the Roman Empire almost collapsed. Gaul won the Franks, who created a kingdom. It reached its greatest prosperity under Charlemagne, to expand the boundaries of the state in almost all of Western and Central Europe.

Excursions and sights in France

France - a wonderful country with its own special charm and irresistible charm. It is a country with a rich cultural heritage and many historical and architectural monuments of different epochs and civilizations, as well as magnificent landscapes and excellent climate. Here you will find magnificent palaces and castles, the stunning beauty of cathedrals, famous museums, the Côte d'Azur and the snow-capped Alps and the famous French cuisine and fine wines.
 
Cultural center and the "pearl" of France is undoubtedly its capital and one of the most beautiful and romantic cities in the world - Paris. Among the abundance of sights of Paris most famous and popular masterpiece of Gothic architecture - Notre Dame (Notre Dame de Paris), one of the largest and richest museums in the world - the Louvre and, of course, the symbol of France - the Eiffel Tower. It is also worth noting the Sacré-Coeur, located at the top of Montmartre, the Champs Elysees and the Arc de Triomphe, the Conciergerie, the Pantheon, the Palais de Chaillot, the center Georges Pompidou, the Musée d'Orsay, the Picasso Museum, Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Tuileries Garden and the Grand Opera (Opera Garnier ). Talking about the attractions of Paris can be long, but the list is so huge that to list all the attractions of this charming city is simply impossible ... but it is definitely worth a visit. In the vicinity of the Paris deserve special attention the famous Palace of Versailles, Fontainebleau Palace and Park of Saint-Cloud. If you are traveling with children, be sure to visit one of the best amusement parks in the world - Euro Disneyland, located 32 km from Paris.
 
Especially popular among tourists and the Loire Valley, has long been known for its vineyards, castles and majestic. Among the huge number of these masterpieces of architecture of the castle is worth mentioning castles of Chambord, Cheverny, Chenonceau, Villandry, Sully-sur-Loire, Blois, Brissac, Amboise, Plessis-Bourré, Valence, Gien and the Château de Montgeoffroy. Also worth a visit is one of the most famous medieval monasteries in France - the Abbey of Fontevraud and Amusement Park Puy du Fou.
 
France is famous for and lots of beautiful temples, many of whom are important historical and architectural monuments. Of particular interest are the cathedral of Chartres, Reims Cathedral, Lérins Abbey (on the island of Saint-Honore near the coast of Cannes), the Abbey of St. Magdalene (town Vézelay), the Abbey of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, as well as St. Peter's Cathedral in Beauvais, Amiens Cathedral, St. Stephen's Cathedral in Bourges, Strasbourg Cathedral, and Grasse Cathedral in Grasse.
 
Among the abundance and diversity of attractions France is also worth noting the ancient Roman aqueduct of Pont du Gard (on the river Gardon), the island-abbey of Mont Saint-Michel, the Papal Palace in Avignon, Royal saltworks at Arc-et-Senans, the fortress of Carcassonne, the Roman Theatre and the Arc de Triomphe in the city of Orange, Roman and Romanesque monuments of Arles, as well as one of the most important monuments of the Paleolithic cave of Lascaux.
 
However, every corner of this amazing country is interesting in its own way and will impress even the most experienced traveler. A lot of impressions you get acquainted with the history and sights of the beautiful French cities like Marseille, Lyon, Strasbourg, Nice and Avignon. Of no less interest are the city of La Rochelle, Les Baux-de-Provence, Rouen, Riquewihr, Bordeaux, Nancy, Sarlat, Angers and Lourdes.

French Cuisine

The fact that the French have a reputation for being gourmet, heard, perhaps many. In France, people's interest in good food is considered perfectly natural, and is perhaps even ahead of the interest of love, which, according to universal recognition, the French have no equal. I was in Bordeaux and once saw a French picked vegetables: bunches of dill were all perenyuhany, cabbages meticulously inspected on all sides, about basil this lady wanted to know where he came from and when it was cut off - in the morning or in the evening ... In general, Our sellers would have long expressed their opinions woman about it, and the French trader only laughed in response and simultaneously juggling lady onion heads

Purchases

VAT (TVA) is 20.6% (33% on luxury items) and included in the price of many goods. Foreigners when buying goods in a single store in the amount of not less than 185 euros can get a tax refund.
 
Money returned to the customs office at the border crossing on the presentation of the check and the goods, or a check sent to the place of residence and cashed at the bank.

Security

For France it is characterized by a relatively low crime rate, but the number of thefts of personal property is sufficiently large. It should especially beware of "pickpockets" in airports, railway stations, public transport, the trains from Charles de Gaulle airport in the business district, museums and other popular places. Leave valuables, documents and large sums of money in the hotel safe, do not reach for the purse in crowded places. Also, do not leave things on the front seat of the car during the stops. During the walks do not take with a bag over his shoulder - especially active thieves on motorcycles.

Emergency numbers

Fire protection - 18
Police - 17
Ambulance (SAMU) - 15
Pan-European rescue service - 112

National characteristics of France. traditions

Most French people are sincerely convinced that every decent foreigner must speak French at least at the level of elementary words. Therefore, an appeal to the local resident in English, for example, can cause misunderstanding demonstrative reaction with all its consequences.


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