which in its beautiful and attractive. The discovery of large oil fields has turned the UAE into a modern state, and sound economic policy, which is located near major transit routes and excellent climatic conditions have made it a center of commerce and tourism. Coral reefs Korfakkan famous for its flora and fauna of the underwater world, and the Gulf coast golden sands and excellent water clarity mysterious woman in a black burqa, rich sheiks, endless desert, the scorching sun and blooming oases - Arabian fairy tale! And all this in combination with the huge metropolis, equipped with the latest technology. This is the United Arab Emirates.
Dirham. 1 dirham is 100 filam. The appeal - coins of 5, 10, 25 and 1 dirham Filov; banknote 5, 10, 50, 100, 200 and 500 MAD.
State capital is the city of Abu Dhabi, the number of inhabitants of approximately 0.5 million. People. United Arab Emirates border with Qatar in the northwest, the Sultanate of Oman in the east and Saudi Arabia to the south. Emirates is located on the coast of the Persian Gulf emirate of Fujairah apart, which is on the coast of the Indian Ocean. The total area of the country is 90, 559 square meters. km
The history of the country
In the VII century small sheikhdoms, are located along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman joined the Arab Caliphate, spreading Islam among the locals. During this period arose the city of Dubai, Sharjah, Fujairah. The weakening of the Caliphate sheikhdoms getting more autonomy. In the X-XI centuries, the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula was part of the state Carmathians, and after its collapse came under the influence of Oman.
At the end of the XV century in the region arose European influence. Portugal has managed the first of the Western powers to gain a foothold on the peninsula, to establish control over Bahrain and Dzhulfar as well as over the Strait of Hormuz. Since the XVIII century, the population of coastal Arab principalities, mainly engaged in trade, is drawn into the struggle with Britain, which monopolized the ships cargo between the ports of the Persian Gulf and deprived residents of the main source of livelihood. This led to the ongoing conflict between the "East India Company" and the local Arab population, which the English called pirates, and the area of principalities - "Pirate Coast".
The East India Company continually sent to the Persian Gulf and military expeditions in 1820 forced the emirs and sheikhs of seven Arab principalities to sign a "General Agreement", which initiated the British rule in the territory and the final dismemberment of Oman into three parts - Imamate of Oman, Sultanate of Muscat and the "pirate coast ". Since 1853, these generalized principality called "Trucial Oman".
In the Principality were established British military bases. Political power exercised English political agent. Nevertheless, the establishment of the British protectorate did not lead to the destruction of the traditional patriarchal system of the region. Locals continue to keep ancient traditions. They could not offer serious resistance to the colonialists, because of its small size and constant strife between different tribes.
The dominant tribe in these areas was and is the tribe of Bani-lang, which originally inhabited the fertile oases of Liwa and Al Ain. In 1833, one of the tribes of Bani-lang - genus Maktoum - migrated from oases and settled in Dubai, proclaiming the independence of the city. Thus was founded the dynasty Maktoum, who ruled the emirate of Dubai today.
In the early 1920s in the Trucial Oman a struggle for independence, which has reached a particular span of Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah. At the same time there was a watershed event in the history of the Emirates and the Middle East - in the Persian Gulf were discovered rich oil reserves.
In 1922, the British took control of the sheikhs right to grant concessions for exploration and production of oil. However, in the Trucial Oman oil production was not carried out and the main income principalities brought pearl trade. With the start of oil production in 1950 in the region began attracting foreign investment, oil revenues have significantly raise the standard of living of the local population. But the principality remained under British protectorate, against which in 1964 made the League of Arab States, to declare the rights of the Arab peoples to full independence. In 1968, after the promulgation of the decision of the British Government's intention to withdraw before the end of 1971, British troops from areas east of the Suez Canal, including the Gulf states, principalities signed an agreement on the formation of the Federation of Arab Gulf principalities. In this federation were to enter Bahrain and Qatar, but later they formed an independent state.
December 2, 1971 six of the seven emirates of Trucial Oman announced the creation of the federation under the name of United Arab Emirates. The seventh emirate, Ras al-Khaimah, joined her in 1972.
Granting independence coincided with a sharp jump in prices for oil and oil products caused by the rigid energy policy of Saudi Arabia, which facilitated the new state independent steps in the field of economy and foreign policy. The oil- and skilful investment in the development of industry, agriculture, education, numerous free economic zones Emirates as soon as possible could achieve relative economic prosperity. Received a significant tourism development and finance.
In 1990-1991, the United Arab Emirates troops took part in the liberation of Kuwait from Iraqi expansion of Saddam Hussein.
The country has major international airports, ports.
The climate here is dry, the transition from tropical to subtropical average January temperature is - 20 ° C, in July - 30-35 ° C. Best season October - May when replacing a warm sunny day comes bearing a cool evening.
The culture of the UAE - a Muslim country. It is not accepted to be in the street drunk (for this you can go to jail) or provocatively dressed (especially for women). But in recent years because of the large number of tourists limits of decency shift towards European traditions.
Among the local population in recent years has been valued education, thanks to the UAE established a good higher education institutions world-class scientific and opened training centers largest technologically advanced companies in the world.
Since 2007, in Abu Dhabi Middle East International Film Festival is held.
Voltage is equal to 220/240 volts. Fork triple, when using a double standard plug adapter is required, which can be purchased for 3 dirhams anywhere near supermarket
As for clothing - preferably cotton, perfect clothes of mixed fabrics on cotton basis. Not recommended to appear in a hotel or club in beachwear. In the cities, women are advised to wear trousers or skirts of reasonable length and cut
Legislative power is vested in the Federal National Council, which is composed of representatives from each of the emirate, the number of which is enshrined in the constitution and is determined by the population, the political and economic situation in this or that emirate. Each emirate has the right to choose its own method of electing representatives to the National Council. Currently, the Board is composed of 40 deputies (8 - from Abu Dhabi and Dubai, 6 - from Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah and 4 - from Fujairah, Al Quwain and Ajman).
The National Council is the legislative body is not in the full sense of the word, because it does not have legislative initiative. Its mandate is to discuss only the laws that provides the Council of Ministers and at its discretion, make corrections and additions. The Board also has the right to reject any bill. However, in this case, the president still has the right to take the law after the approval of the Supreme Council of the Union. Thus the National Council, despite the fact that the Constitution is described as a legislative body, is more consultative.
Judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court of the Union, which is the supreme federal court of the United Arab Emirates. It consists of a chairman and four independent judges. Supreme Court regulates the relations between the emirates, members of the Supreme Union, federal and local authorities.
Food and water
Kitchen UAE is almost entirely borrowed from Lebanon. Lack of their own specialties in the UAE more than compensate for a huge number of foreign restaurants and fast foods - from Italian trattorias to Japanese sushi bars. Better to drink bottled water.
To date, the UAE - one of the best countries for shopping. Countless variety of high quality products can be found in many shopping centers across the country. Especially popular are gold, furs and clothes of famous brands, as well as all the goods a Luxury Class
The basis of the economy of the UAE - production and export of crude oil and gas. Crude oil - about 2.2 million barrels a day, most produced in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. Other oil producers on the importance of Dubai, Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah.
Rules of Conduct
Tourists visiting the country during Ramadan, it is not recommended to use on the streets of any food or drinks. Photographing of Arab women is perceived as an insult. Clothes should not be too blatant.
January 1 - New Year.
Day of Sacrifice
Islamic New Year
August 6 Entry to the throne of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Changes Ascension of Mohammed
2 December National Day
End of Ramadan
Nature and animals
Most of the United Arab Emirates - a desert that extends to the south-eastern part of Saudi Arabia. A small area of the state contains in itself all the diversity of nature and the diversity of the landscape of the Middle East. The coastal areas of the United Arab Emirates are the salt marshes. Coral reefs are famous Korfakhana unique flora and fauna of the underwater world, and the Persian Gulf coast famous for its golden sands and exceptional water clarity.
The vegetation is mostly sparse, consisting of dry grass and bushes.
In the oases grow acacia, tamarisk, cultivated date palm and coconut trees, grapes, lemon tree, grain, tobacco. Outside El Fujairah and Ras Al Khaimah huge green areas are the result of the government program on gardening. Even natural groves of date palms in the oasis of Buraimi, on the eastern border of the country, were brought here from municipal parks.
Another attraction of the UAE are former nomadic dunes that have been planted and stabilized with great difficulty, to later become a large green oases that are specially designed for relaxation.
Fauna UAE poor. This is mainly hares, jerboas, gazelles, lizards and snakes. The main representatives of the fauna - it's Arabian leopard and the IBEX (Capricorn) and, of course, camels (single-humped dromedary) and wild goats.
In the waters of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman dwells food fish (tuna, mackerel, sardines, Hamura, barracuda); widely represented squad crustaceans (shrimps, lobsters, crabs), cephalopods (cuttlefish, squid, octopus) and bivalves (oysters, mussels). There are sharks, stingrays, jellyfish, sea urchins, and turtles, as well as large marine mammals - dugongs (sea seals). One-third of all species of whales and dolphins is found in the UAE.
oil production, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials, shipbuilding, handicrafts
Virtually all citizens of United Arab Emirates - Muslim, 85% of which - the Sunnis, and 15% - the Shiites. According to the migration services of the Emirates, approximately 55% of immigrants - as Muslims, 25% - Hindu, 10% - Christians, 5% - Buddhists. The other 5% are minorities of Sikhs and Baha'is. According to the research of the Ministry of Planning, all of the 4.5 million people living in the UAE in view of foreigners, three quarters - Muslims. Dubai - the only emirate where there is Gurdwara and Mandir. Church is in each emirate. In 2011, he built the first in the history of Christianity Orthodox temple complex on the territory of UAE - St. Philip the Apostle in Sharjah.
The hot climate and high solar activity.
Tap water is safe to drink. Usually in hotels and restaurants offer local bottled water.
If calling from a street machine, the call will cost 30 to 60 fils. International calling from a hotel in Russia will cost you around 25 dirhams per minute.
999 - ambulance, police, fire brigade
180 - reference
130 - telegram by phone
140 - Talking Clock
285000 - Dubai Tourist Information Centre
development, despite the arid climate. Former sand dunes artificially converted into lush oases where they grow different types of agricultures.
Jewellery made of precious stones and metals, and various crafts.
With him you can bring to the Emirates two thousand cigarettes or 200 cigars or 2 kilograms of tobacco. Every non-Muslim has the right to bring two liters of wine and two liters of spirits. Weapons and drugs are prohibited for import. Faces of non-Muslim religions can bring 2 liters of spirits and 2 liters of wine for personal use.
Videotapes may be requested for verification.
Severely punish illegal importation of drugs and firearms.
+ 8-10-971 (area code + phone.)
September 9, 2009 opened the first subway line in Dubai, 26 stations. From public transportation also has a bus service, but it is weak - the vast majority of citizens using private cars or taxis. There are 11 main bus routes linking Dubai with the rest of the country, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah, Fujairah and Abu Dhabi.
The best time to travel to the UAE - the winter months from November to April, when the country stands not too hot weather. In the summer of monstrous heat can turn your trip into an unbearable torture. Muslim holidays are tied to the lunar calendar, so the date of the event changes from year to year. Among the most significant events in the religious calendar stand Eid-al-Fitr (End of Ramadan), Lailat al Miraj (the day of death of the Prophet), Eid al-Atkha (the beginning of the Hajj) Birthday of the Prophet Mohammed and the Islamic New Year. The main official holiday of the country - the Nation Day (December 1)
Flag of the United Arab Emirates was adopted on December 2, 1971. The flag is made in the pan-Arab colors: red, green, white and black, symbolizing the whole Arab unity.
Many restaurants include a maintenance fee, but if you mention this is not shown when paying bills need to add 10%. Porter at the airport or in the hotel due Dhs 5-10, depending on the amount of luggage. Taxi driver on the tip does not count.
Arabic, but English is widely used, Farsi and Urdu. Most store owners, employees and hotel telephone network speak English.